Ralph Ziman’s work challenges the tragic cliché of our times; a war-torn and violent Africa of militant and corrupt dictators, child soldiers, and unceasing civil wars fed by a growing international arms trade. Ralph Ziman approached artisans working in the streets of Johannesburg to commission the infamous AK-47 rendered in traditional Shona style beading espacially since he was intrigued by the duality of terror and worship that firearms hold in African culture.